The congo free state and france sign a protocol delimiting the boundaries of their possessions in the manyanga region 1886 captain léon roget organizes the force publique, a combination police and military force composed of native conscripts under european officers. The wealth of africa congo free state front cover image: bronze medal with a european woman supporting an african woman in broken chains, belgium, 1905, british museum. The congo free state (french: état indépendant du congo, lit independent state of the congo dutch : kongo-vrijstaat ) was a large state in central africa from 1885 to 1908 it was ruled personally by leopold ii and operated entirely separate from belgium, of which he was also king.
Leopold’s congo free state was unfortunately not that different from other nearby colonies at the time it was just a more extreme version with a larger population per capita, just as many africans were killed in french and portuguese colonies near the congo river (hochschild 280. The congo free state (french language: état indépendant du congo) was a large area in central africa that was privately controlled by leopold ii, king of the belgians leopold was able to procure the region by convincing the international community that he was involved in humanitarian and. Dowload and read online free ebook the congo free state the history and legacy of the colony established by king leopold ii of belgium available link of pdf the congo. Congo free state monusco democratic republic of congo african the legacy of dian fossey by georgianne nienaber horse sense by georgianne nienaber why the democratic republic of congo is a.
Congo free state a brief outline of the history of the congo free state a good starting point for anyone wishing to research the history of the private kingdom of leopold ii, king of the belgians a good starting point for anyone wishing to research the history of the private kingdom of leopold ii, king of the belgians. This video is an audio reading of a few articles regarding the history of the congo free state it was hard to find any proper academic studies on the belgian congo, for one, there is not a lot. Morel also noticed that the shipping accounts he managed did not match up to the official trade statistics of the congo free state: there was a significantly higher percentage of capital flowing out of the congo than into it. Essay on the congo free state: a legacy of apathy, exploitation and brutality - between 1885 and 1908, belgium’s leopold ii ruled congo, a region in central africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain.
This study looks at the congo free state, an area which encompasses the entire congo river basin and the modern democratic republic of congo, and analyses two prominent forms of resistance, rebellion and population flight. The congo free state was a privately-controlled colonial state created by king leopold ii, king of the belgians, through a non-governmental organization, the association internationale africaine leopold was the sole shareholder and chairman, who increasingly used it for rubber, copper and other minerals in the upper lualaba river basin. Formed in 1885 when leopold ii gained trued ownership of the congo free state these men were the military group used to control the congolese in the congo free state in 1960 it was made up of 23,000 men led by 1006 european officers.
The congo free state: a legacy of apathy, exploitation and brutality 2177 words | 9 pages ii ruled congo, a region in central africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Congo free state, french état indépendant du congo, former state in africa that occupied almost all of the congo river basin, coextensive with the modern democratic republic of the congo it was created in the 1880s as the private holding of a group of european investors headed by leopold ii , king of the belgians. The motivation for the crime was to avoid losing control over congo's resources, but belgium steadfastly denied any involvement until new evidence collected by a parliamentary commission last year. On 1885-feb-05, the result was the congo free state (later the belgian congo, then zaire, and now the democratic republic of congo) at 905,000 square miles, (2344 million km 2 ), it was an area 76 times larger than belgium. The congo free state evolved from a vanity possession into a slave plantation leopold’s hell operated by an insane logic villages were set quotas of rubber and the gendarmerie were sent in to collect it – a process that was sped up by looting, arson and rape.
The congo free state was the site of some of the worst atrocities witnessed during the european colonization of africa—all in the name of rubber. In the period from 1885 to 1908, many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the congo free state (today the democratic republic of the congo) which, at the time, was a colony under the personal rule of king leopold ii of belgium. The wealth of africa congo free state presentation supported by the caraf centre wwwbritishmuseumorg was the congo free state the legacy of the congo free state source 17 in march 1908, the deal was officially settled the belgian government received full sovereignty over.
The congo free state, a vast area covering much of central africa, was the dream of belgian king leopold ii in 1885, he established control over a territory that had never been a single political or cultural region before. The transition from the congo free state to the belgian congo was a turning point, but it was also marked by a considerable continuity the last governor-general of the congo free state, baron wahis, remained in office in the belgian congo, and the majority of leopold ii's administration with him. The congo free state ( french : état indépendant du congo , lit independent state of the congo, dutch : kongo-vrijstaat ) was a large state in central africa from 1885 to 1908, which was in personal union with the kingdom of belgium under leopold ii leopold was able to procure the region by convincing the european community that he was involved in humanitarian and philanthropic work and.
The congo free state the history and legacy of the colony established by king leopold ii of belgium by: charles river editors. In fact, congo is a classic example of the fragile african state so, what lies behind this fragility a key factor is a failure of leadership on a monumental scale. Leopold ii: leopold ii, king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 keen on establishing belgium as an imperial power, he led the first european efforts to develop the congo river basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the congo free state, annexed in 1908 as the belgian congo and now the democratic.